Software Testing is the process of executing a developed product with the intent of finding the bugs and errors. It can also be stated as the process of validating and verifying the software product that works as expected. Software Testing has huge scope in the IT industries. If you need to develop your skills in software testing, join Software Testing Training in Chennai to enrich your skills.
Goals and objectives of software testing
The main goals and objectives of software testing are listed below.
- To scan the defects created by the developer during the software development phase in the software product.
- It must also ensure that it satisfies the business and system requirement specification.
- To provide quality products to the end-users.
There are Five Essentials for Software Testing
- A test strategy that tells the testers what types of testing and the amount of testing that the testers think will work best at finding the errors that are troubling in the software
- A testing plan of the actual testing tasks that is needed to execute to carry out that strategy
- Test cases that have been prepared in advance in the form of detailed examples of the testers will use to check that the software product will actually meet its user requirements in the testing process.
- Test data includes both input and database test data to use while the testers are executing the test cases in the SDLC testing process.
- A test environment which will be used to carry out the testing in the SDLC testing phase.
Reasons why software testing is important?
Software testing is one the most active discussions while software is being designed to provide ease to its end users.It is also actually an integral part of software development. Here are the reasons why the software product needs to be tested in the SDLC process.
- To be developed as thway to ensure it is doing exactly what is expected to do
- To check the compatibility
- To ensure a bug free user solution
- To minimize ultimate costs
Some Software Testing Interview Questions and answers
1. What is Software Testing?
A set of activities conducted with the intent of finding errors in software is known as software testing.
2.What is Acceptance Testing?
Testing conducted to enable a user to determine whether to accept a software product is called Acceptance Testing. Normally performed to validate the software meets a set of agreed acceptance criteria in the SDLC process.
3. What is Accessibility Testing?
The testing process which verifies a product is accessible to the users who are facing problems like disabilities(deaf, blind, mentally disabled etc).
4. What is Ad Hoc Testing?
Ad Hoc Testing is a one type of testing phase where the tester tries to break the software system by randomly trying the system’s functionality in the testing process.
5. What is Application Programming Interface (API)?
API is termed as a formalized set of software calls and routines that can be referenced by an application program in order to access supporting system or network services in the software product.
6. What is Backus-Naur Form?
A meta language used to formally describe the syntax of a language is known as Backus-Naur Form.
7. What is Beta Testing?
Beta Testing is a type of testing of a release of a software product conducted by customers.
8. What is Application Binary Interface (ABI)?
A specification defining the user requirements for portability of applications that is accessible in any of the system platforms and environments is termed as Application Binary Interface.
9. What benefit of designing tests early?
It is good to design tests early because it helps prevent defects from being interrupted into the code.
10. What is risk-based testing?
Risk-based testing is the type of testing used for an approach to creating a test strategy that is based on prioritizing tests by risk in the software product. The basis of the approach is a detailed risk analysis and prioritizing of risks by risk level of the software. Tests to address each risk are then specified, starting with the highest risk first in the testing phase.
11. What is Binary Portability Testing?
Binary Portability Testing is the process of testing an running application for portability in all platforms such as all types of OS. It is usually for confirmation to an API specification in the software testing process.
12. What is Black Box Testing?
Black Box Testing is the most commonly used testing process where the testing is done based on an analysis of the specification of a piece of software without reference to its internal workings. The goal is to test how well the component conforms to the published requirements for the component in the software application.
13. What is Bottom Up Testing?
Bottom Up Testing is an approach that is similar to integration testing where the lowest level components are tested first in the testing phase and then it is used to facilitate the testing of higher level components in the software products. The process is repeated until the component at the top of the hierarchy is tested and error free software is developed.
14. What is Boundary Testing?
Tests which focus on the boundary limits of the software product being tested is known as Boundary Testing in the testing process.
15. What is the purpose of exit criteria?
The purpose of exit criteria is to define when a test level is completed in the software.
16. What determines the level of risk?
The likelihood of an adverse event and the impact of the event will help to determine the level of risk in the software product.
17. When is used Decision table testing?
Decision table testing is used for testing the software product for which the specification takes the form of cause-effect combinations. The outcome of the table explores combinations of expected inputs to define the expected outputs produced in the software product.
18. Which defines the expected outcome of a test in the testcase?
Test case specification defines the expected results of a test in the testing process.
19. What is the benefit of test independence?
The benefit of test independence is to avoid author bias in defining effective tests.
20. As part of which test process do you determine the exit criteria?
The exit criteria are determined on the basis of ‘Test Planning in the testing process of the software.
The software testing will be done until the world uses any software product to carry out its work. So Learning Software testing will definitely help you to shine in the IT industry. Join the Software Testing Courses in Chennai and learn in-depth about it and establish yourself as a good software tester. There are lots of Software Testing Training Institutes in Chennai are there to help you to get trained. Doing certification courses also be an advantage for seeking a job Software testing Certifications Training in Chennai are there to help the seekers to do professional certification courses and helps them to be placed in top MNCs. It’s your time to join and grab your seats.